Archeomed Outputs

Expected Results 

  • A common system of valorization, preservation and management of the areas is  Identified through the realization of a study document of the interested areas (Jordan, Palestinian Territories, Sicily). 

  • Conservation and management policies for the sites are enhanced and economic-related activities, in particular tourism, are promoted through the creation of a network of the territories, supported by an interactive electronic platform of services for actors and stakeholders.
  • Strategic Planning Agreement on conservation and management policies is agreed upon and signed by the universities of the partner countries in consultation with local, regional and national authorithies.

Finziade (Licata)

The video shows part of the Hellenistic city of Finziade, built up on terraces on the southern slope of Sant’Angelo Mountain. In particular, you can see remains of the best preserved Houses 1 and 2, divided by an arrow alley (ambitus). Partially carved in the rock on different levels, the Houses had a squared plan, consisting of several rooms placed around a central courtyard, equipped with a cistern. The external walls, that have been recently restored, were made up of squared stones, coated by white and red-colored stucco, remains of which can be still observed on site. Furthermore, the video shows details of the internal organization of the Houses, furnished with niches on the wall of the main banquet room (andron), a small altar for religious activity and the bedroom with the bathroom inside, offering interesting information about the domestic life of their inhabitants.


Vito Soldano (Canicattì)
The video shows the thermal complex belonging to the Roman site of Vito Soldano, located on a gently sloping area characterized by a main agricultural vocation. In particular, you can see remains of the principal rooms forming the Roman baths: on the front side there were the absidal room, called tepidarium, and the calidarium, in which people could have a warm bath, while on the back the hypocaustum and the praefurnium are preserved, provided with ovens to warm up the water. On the long side of the building, a rectangular room or frigidarium gave access to the pool with cold water, named natatio. The external walls of the complex’s rooms were built up of opus caementicium and bricks, while the floors were supplied with cocciopesto or mosaic coating.


Palestine. Cave
The cave is located within the archaeological site just to the west of the church; it is a low natural cave or rock shelter with several entrances. It consists of several chambers with different heights. The main chamber is connected with another big cave via a tunnel. Furthermore, the floor of this main chamber includes an artificial depression which is coated by hydraulic this plaster layers. It seems that this cave was used during the Roman period as a dwelling space.


Palestine. Church

The village of Beit Sahur is where one of the places most sacred to Christians, the Shepherds’ Field, is found. It is identified as the setting of the story in the Gospel of Luke where an angel of the Lord visited the shepherds and informed them of Jesus’ birth.

The monastery of shepherds’ field covers an area of 40,000 square meters, and was built on several terraces with a combined vertical height of some 35 meters. The Ruins of the site includes winepresses, olive oil presses, a bakery, cisterns and animal pens, and natural caves. The archaeological excavations revealed the existence of two historical phases of the monastery, one at the end of the 4th or beginning of the 5th century and the other from the 6th century. Belonging to the first phase are the foundations of the church, of which only the apse survives. Then in the 6th century the church was demolished and rebuilt in the same place but with the apse displaced slightly towards the east.

Jordania. Gadara West Theater
The video shows the north theater In Gadara, a famous Decapolis city in Northern Jordan. The theater was  built in the late first, early second century AD  is still  in good  state of preservation.

The theater was used for different purposes such as tragic and comic plays, religious processions, poetry in honour of the city gods.

The theater which is built completely from basalt with a diameter of 53 meters, offers a strange and original image of ancient Roman Theatres. 

There is not much of the proscenium left to see (only we can notice the base of the three classic gates), but the rows of seats and some tunnels are very well preserved. There are even some vomitories left in good condition and some VIP seats still keep some details of their decoration. Note the fine seats of honour hewn from a single basalt block, polished to perfection . The proscenium wall is gone, but to the sides remains the vaulting of rooms from where actors made their entrances.

With the wall behind the stage destroyed, the view from the seats is spectacular. Of course, this view was not the originally intended one for the Roman audience.

The Book ArcheoMed: (50 MB PDF)
Archeological minor sites in the Mediterranean Basin
Beit Sahur in Palestine, Gadara in Jordan, Vito Soldano and Finziade in Italy

Download Archeomed Book (50 MB pdf)
Europe Aid Cooperation Office
This publication has been produced with the assistance of the European Union. The contents of this publication are the sole responsibility of the members of the ARCHEOMED Project Consortium and can in no way be taken to reflect the views of the European Union.